BASIC ELECTRONICS - OD1633 - LESSON 1/TASK 2
Through the use of Kirchhoff's law, circuit
problems can be solved which
would be difficult, and often impossible, with
knowledge of Ohm's law alone.
When Kirchhoff's law is properly applied, an
equation can be set up for a
closed loop and the unknown circuit values can
e. Polarity of Voltage. To apply Kirchhoff's voltage law, the meaning
of voltage polarity must be understood. In the circuit shown in figure 27,
the current is shown flowing in a counterclockwise direction. Notice that
the end of resistor R1, into which the current flows, is marked negative
(-). The end of R1, at which the current leaves, is marked positive (+).
These polarity markings are used to show, that the end of R1, into which the
current flows is at a higher negative potential than the end of the resistor
at which the current leaves. Point A is more negative than point B.
Point C, which is at the same potential as point B, is labeled negative.
This is to indicate that point C is more negative than point D. To say a
point is positive (or negative) without stating what the polarity is based
upon has no meaning. In working with Kirchhoff's law, positive and negative
polarities are assigned in the direction of current flow.