USE/CARE OF HANDTOOLS & MEASURING TOOLS - OD1621 - LESSON 2/TASK 2
Shop Knife. The shop knife can be used to cut wall board, paper,
linoleum, canvas, and upholstery materials. It has an aluminum
is furnished with five interchangeable blades. The extra blades
in the 6 inch handle.
(4) Pocket Knives.
Pocket knives are used for light cutting,
sharpening pencils, cutting string, and light whittling. They are unsuited
for heavy work. Multi-purpose knives have an assortment of blades designed
for forcing holes, driving screws, and opening cans, as well as for cutting.
The blades are hinged, contained within the case when not in use, and are
spring loaded to keep then firmly in place when open or closed.
(5) Drawknife. A drawknife is a flat-edged tool used principally to
rough-shape round timber. It should be used to smooth wood after chopping
with a hatchet or adze. It consists of a single bevel blade and two wooden
handles, one at each end and at right angles to the blade.
(6) Spoke Shave.
A spoke shave (not illustrated) is used like a
drawknife and was originally designed for shaping the wooden spokes of a
wheel by hand. The spoke shave has an adjustable blade like a plane and can
be adjusted for the thickness of the cut required.
(7) Putty Knife.
A putty knife is used for applying putty to a
window sash in setting in panes of glass. The blade has a wide square point
and is available in different lengths and widths.
c. Use and Care of Knives.
(1) Always cut away from the body, except when using a drawknife or
(2) To use a drawknife or spoke shave, grasp both handles of the
knife, holding the blade at a slight angle to the wood, and pull the knife
toward the body. Always work with the grain of the wood. If the grain is
irregular, change the direction of the stroke or the position of the work
accordingly. Always clamp small work in a vise.
(3) Do not use knives which are larger than can be handled safely.
Use knives only for the purpose for which they were designed.