PRIN. OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - OD1619 LESSON 2/TASK 1
TYPICAL EXHAUST SYSTEM.
b. Exhaust Manifold (figure 44 on the following page).
The exhaust manifold
connects all of the engine cylinders to the exhaust system and is usually made of
cast iron. If the exhaust manifold is formed properly, it can create a scavenging
action that will cause all of the cylinders to help each other get rid of exhaust
Back pressure (the force that the pistons must exert to push out the
exhaust gases) can be reduced by making the manifold with smooth walls and without
All of these factors are taken into consideration when the exhaust
manifold is designed, and the best possible manifold is manufactured to fit into
the confines of the engine compartment.
c. Manifold Heat Control Valve (figure 45 on page 55). A valve is placed in the
spot in the intake manifold until the engine reaches operating temperature. This
valve is a flat metal plate that is the same shape as the opening it controls. It
pivots on a shaft and is operated by a thermostatic coil spring. The spring pulls
the valve closed against a counterweight before warmup. The spring expands as the
engine warms up and the counterweight pulls the valve open.