INTRODUCTION TO THE HMMWV - OD1615 - LESSON 1/TASK 1
Another capability of the HMMWV is its increased payload of 2500 pounds.
Due to the larger cargo area, a greater physical volume payload may also be
carried. The low center of gravity of the HMMWV enables it to be a stable
platform for weapons use. Its larger cargo area allows the HMMWV to carry
the necessary equipment for the tube launched optically sighted wire guided
(TOW) missile system.
Increased operating efficiency and less driver fatigue is realized through
the use of applied technology such as the 6.2 liter diesel engine, automatic
transmission, full-time four wheel drive and locking transfer, inboard power
The HMMWV consists of a common chassis upon which various configurations can
be installed. The 4X4 vehicle incorporates features that are necessary to
provide mobility, agility, and ballistic protection, while carrying the
required payload and crew. The HMMWV can move, shoot, and communicate in a
variety of modes and, as such, is suited for roles in combat, combat
support, and combat service support. The design configuration for each of
these roles will be discussed next.
a. Missions and Roles of the HMMWV. In the paragraphs that follow, the
various missions and roles the HMMWV is capable of performing will be
(1) Combat Role. In the combat role, the HMMWV can and does perform
five different and distinct missions. The vehicles used in the combat role
are the M966; armored TOW carrier, M1026; armored armament carrier (MK19
grenade launcher); and the M1025 armored armament carrier (M60 7.62mm
machinegun installed). These missions will be listed and discussed in the
paragraphs that follow.
In this role the HMMWV serves as the launching
platform for the TOW missile system.
The TOW missile system is employed
strictly against heavily armored vehicles such as the Soviet T-72 medium
tank. The purpose of the vehicle is to mount and operate the TOW missile
launcher system with armored protection for the crew, TOW system components,