c. Tips. There is a wide variety of cutting tip styles and sizes available
to suit various types of work. The thickness of the material to be cut generally
governs the selection of the tip. The cutting oxygen pressure, cutting speed, and
preheating intensity should be controlled to produce narrow, parallel sided kerfs.
Cuts that are improperly made will produce ragged, irregular edges with adhering
slag at the bottom of the plates. Cutting tip numbers, gas pressures, and hard
cutting speeds used for cutting mild steel up to 12 inches thick are shown in
Various manufacturers do not adhere to the numbering of tips as set
forth in this figure; therefore, some tips may carry different
Oxyacetylene cutting information.
(1) Clothing manufactured of wool should be worn in preference to cotton
since wool is not easily burned or damaged by weld-metal spatter.
(2) Asbestos cloth or leather aprons or jackets should be worn to provide
protection against the spatter of molten metal, especially when welding in the
vertical or overhead positions.
(3) High-upper shoes and cuffless pants should be worn to prevent spatter
from collecting in the cuffs and to protect the feet.
(4) Gauntlet gloves that are flameproof, preferably of leather, will
protect the arms and hands from weld spatter. These must be in good condition and
free from oil and grease to prevent them from being ignited or charred by molten
metal or hot spatter.
(5) Goggles, spectacles, or helmets with colored lenses should always be
worn when cutting or welding by any process. The colored lenses of the correct
shade, usually blue or brown, give protection from the glare or harmful rays
encountered in arc welding and allow the operator to see the work clearly. A
protective clear cover glass protects the colored lens from damage and must be
changed when damaged or severely pitted by molten spatter.