(3) Care of shears and cutters. Keep tools clean at all times. Lubricate
pivot screw or bolt with a drop of light oil. Remove rust with a fine aluminum
oxide abrasive cloth. Apply a thin film of oil on tools to prevent rust, and hang
tools on hooks or place them on a shelf when not in use. Never throw tools in a
box where the cutting edges may be damaged. Do not attempt to cut material harder
than the tool was designed to handle. Never use shears or cutters as a hammer or a
pry bar, since they are easily damaged. For long periods of storage, coat tools
with a rust preventive compound and store them in a dry place where the cutting
edges do not come in contact with other metal objects.
(1) Chisels are tools that can be used for chipping or cutting metal. They
are made from a good grade tool steel with a hardened cutting edge and a beveled
head. They will cut any metal that is softer than materials of which they are
made. When it is skillfully used, the chisel can be made to do most any job that a
milling machine can do, although it is perhaps less accurate and requires greater
time and energy.
(2) Usually the bar stock from which a chisel is forged is octagonal
(eight-sided). Cold chisels are classified according to the shape of their points,
and the width of the cutting edge denotes their size. The most common shapes of
chisels are flat (cold chisel), cape, roundnose, and diamond point (fig 39).
(3) The type chisel most commonly used is the flat cold chisel which serves
to cut rivets, split nuts, chip castings, and cut thin metal sheets. Also used for
special jobs is the cape chisel for cutting keyways, narrow grooves, and square
corners; the roundnose chisel for semicircular grooves and for chipping inside
corners with a fillet; and the diamond point for cutting V-grooves and sharp
(4) As with other tools there is a correct technique for using a chisel.
Select a chisel that is large enough for the job. Be sure to use a hammer that
matches the chisel; that is, the larger the chisel the heavier the hammer. A heavy
chisel will absorb the blows of a light hammer and will do virtually no cutting.
As a general rule, hold the chisel in the left hand with the thumb and first finger
about 1 inch from the top. It should be held steadily but not tight. The finger
muscles should be relaxed, so if the hammer strikes the hand it will slide down the
tool and lessen the effect of the blow. Keep the eyes on the cutting edge of the
chisel, not on the head, and swing the hammer in the same plane as the body of the
chisel. If you have a lot of chiseling to do, slide a piece of rubber hose over
the chisel. This will lessen the shock to your hand.